Conversations on Intersectional Feminism

Last month the United States celebrated Women’s History month. We’ll be continuing the conversation on women’s history in this blog post by discussing intersectional feminism. Intersectionality refers to the study of intersecting social identities and the systems that work to oppress, discriminate, and control minority identities. Intersectionality can be thought of in terms of religion, disability, social class, nationality, race, gender, and more. In terms of feminism, intersectionality draws attention to the fact that many minorities have been marginalized and dismissed by the feminist movement, particularly black women in America. Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, who coined the term intersectionality in 1989, defines intersectional feminism as “The view that women experience oppression in varying degrees of intensity. Cultural patterns of oppression are not only interrelated, but are bound together and influenced by the intersectional systems of society.”

Feminism began as a white woman’s movement. Throughout history black women’s struggles have been disregarded by much of the feminist movement. Black women not only have to fight misogyny and stereotypes about their gender, but they also have a massive uphill battle fighting systemic racism daily. Only recently has intersectionality really begun to enter the public conversation surrounding feminism, despite existing for decades.

Learn more about how you can continue the conversation on intersectional feminism by checking out these books at your NCTC campus library.

Florence Flo Kennedy

Florynce “Flo” Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical by Sherie M. Randolph (Gainesville) KF 373 .K45 R36 2015

Florynce “Flo” Kennedy was a leader of the Black Power and feminist movements. A bold and controversial figure, this biography documents her upbringing and strong political influence. Kennedy was not a reactionary, but a proactive educator of white feminists. She worked tirelessly to build bridges between the struggles of racism and sexism, bringing her knowledge and leadership skills from the Black Power movement to her work.

Skin deep

Skin Deep: Black Women and White Women Write about Race edited by Marita Golden (Flower Mound & Corinth) E 185.86 .S6 1996

This series of essays explores a wide range of racial issues between black and white women. Topics covered include concepts of self-identity, friendship, raising children, competition, strength, and the insidiousness of racism. Contributors include Joyce Carol Oates, bell hooks, Naomi Wolf, Alice Walker, and Toni Morrison among many others.

When and where I enterWhen and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America by Paula Giddings (Bowie) E 185.86 .G49 1985

When and Where I Enter documents the enormous influence black women have had on both race and women’s movements throughout American history. Author Paula Giddings uses original sources including letters, speeches, and diaries to reveal how numerous black women have overcome and transcended sexist and racist actions and attitudes from white feminists, black male leaders, and others.

Southern black womenSouthern Black Women in the Modern Civil Rights Movement by Bruce A. Glasrud (Corinth) E 185.92 .S682 2013

This book documents the many black women that were crucial to the Civil Rights movement in the South. Protesting, mobilizing, energizing others, and serving as organizational and grassroots leaders, these women made a significant impact on their community and on the Civil Rights movement at large. The media and white politicians did not acknowledge the efforts and work of these black women, and only recently have historians begun to recognize their contributions. Southern Black Women in the Modern Civil Right Movement is a first of its kind, winning the 2013 Texas State Historical Association’s Liz Carpenter Award for Research in the History of Women.

Black texas womenBlack Texas Women: 150 Years of Trial and Triumph by Ruthe Winegarten (Corinth) E 185.93 .T4 W55 1995

The first book of its kind, Black Texas Women presents a comprehensive history of the contributions black women have made in Texas over the past 150 years. The contributions detailed within include black Texas women’s work within the education system, the work force, religion, politics, community building, civil rights, and much more.

Black women in white americaBlack Women in White America: A Documentary History by Gerda Lerner (Gainesville & Corinth) E 185.86 .L4 1972

The recipient of the 2002 Bruce Catton Prize for Lifetime Achievement in Historical Writing, this collection of primary documents describes the lives, struggles, and ambitions of black women from the American colonial period up to the 1970’s. Their stories are told in their own words – stories of systemic racism, economic hardship, violence, stories of heroism, grassroots community organization, and community- and self-empowerment. Black Women in White America adds a powerful and enriching understanding of our history as Americans.

–Contributed by Michelle McLaughlin, Librarian, Corinth Campus

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Podcast: The CRAAP Test

In this episode, Associate Dean of Libraries Shedrick Pittman-Hassett discusses the CRAAP method for evaluating authoritative sources.

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America’s “Best Idea”

big_21712e44_usa-tours-national-parks-homepage-2These days it seems that we are bombarded by reports of what America is doing wrong. It is discouraging and exhausting. Well, the good news is…it’s February and that means that Spring Break is just around the corner! Have you made a plan yet? If not, you may want to get away from the news for a while and discover, or rediscover, just how great and beautiful and vast is this country of ours.

US-ROUTE 66-GRAND CANYON

Grand Canyon National Park

In 2016, the National Park Service celebrated its 100th birthday. After years of groups and individuals working for the preservation of our natural wonders, including the 1906 Antiquities Act signed by President Theodore Roosevelt which allowed presidents to protect national monuments, President Woodrow Wilson signed the “Organic Act” and The National Park Service was born. It has grown to include not only national parks such as Yellowstone, Grand Canyon, Yosemite, and Great Smoky Mountain, but also national heritage areas, forests, waterways and seashores, urban trails, and historic battlegrounds.

 

“Are we there yet?”

big-bend

Big Bend National Park

If you do not have the time, energy, or resources to venture far afield, there are 16 national park sites in Texas and even more historic sites managed by the National Park Service: there are fossilized mammoths in Waco! You can go further and still be in Texas (I love Texas) and hike to the “top of Texas” or glory in the vast array of Texas wildflowers in beautiful Big Bend.

 

America’s national parks have something for everyone.

Visit www.nps.gov and “Experience Your America.” (NPS)

Understand the words of historian and Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Wallace Stegner:

“National parks are the best idea we ever had. Absolutely American, absolutely democratic, they reflect us at our best rather than our worst.”

All information taken from www.nps.gov

National Park Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, United States Government, 2017,

http://www.nps.gov/.

–Contributed by Robin Studdard, Librarian, Bowie and Graham Campuses

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Not Necessarily the News

graphic_on_fake_news_by_voa

By VOA News – voanews.com, Public Domain, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=53671547

“There are no facts, only interpretations.” ― Friedrich Nietzsche

The term “fake news” has been bandied about fairly liberally these days. In the glut that makes up our daily intake of information, it is often hard to separate what makes up good, verifiable information from bad, spurious information. Too many bad actors purposefully blur the lines between the two and attempt to fool the public and are all-too successful at pulling the wool over people’s eyes.

According to a recent study from Stanford University, students are all-too ready to accept so-called fake news. The study describes their ability to assess information sources as “dismaying,” “bleak,” and “[a] threat to democracy.”1 It is also believed that fake news played a role in our recent elections.2 Even weather forecasts are susceptible to the siren call of fake news and hype.3

But work is being done to stop its insidious spread.

In classrooms like this4, students are being taught the critical thinking skills necessary to discern truth from fiction. Google has disrupted its ability to “cash in” on ignorance.5 Groups such as JSTOR6 and Amy Pohler’s Smart Girls7 have stepped forward with ways to combat fake news with intelligence and forethought.

Finally, your library has developed some steps that you can take to help you determine what is real and what is fake in your daily news diet.

  1. Look at the URL of the website. If it has .com.co, then it is probably a fake news site.
  2. Look at who wrote the story. Is there an author? Has the author written other stories? Is the story from a governmental or educational institution? Is it from a reputable newswire or service? If not, it is probably fake.
  3. Is the story designed to make you angry? Does the author urge you to dox8 someone? If so, the story is probably fake.
  4. Is there an “About Us” page? Is it believable? Can you verify that information with a Google search? If not, then it is probably fake.
  5. Does the story match the headline? Does the photo match the story? If not, then it is probably fake.
  6. Can you find the same story in other sources? Can you find the same quotes in other sources? If not, then it is probably fake.
  7. Look out for satire sites! They often look very realistic, but are purposefully fake.
    1. The Onion
    2. Landover Baptist Church
    3. Weekly World News
    4. National Report
    5. The Daily Currant
    6. Christwire
    7. Clickhole

Determining what is fake news takes time and effort. Purveyors of fake news are counting on people not to take that time to propagate their lies. Even a little bit of effort often goes a long way toward casting dispersion on such stories and aiding in your healthy skepticism. Take anything that comes from the internet with a grain of salt and verify what is important. Finally, feel free to ask your campus librarian for any help in verifying sources of information.

–Contributed by Shedrick Pittman-Hassett, Associate Dean of Libraries, Gainesville Campus (with thanks to Sabrina McKethan, Librarian, Corinth Campus)

1“Students Have ‘Dismaying’ Inability to Tell Fake News From Real, Study Finds.” NPR.org, 23 Nov. 2016, http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/11/23/503129818/study-finds-students-have-dismaying-inability-to-tell-fake-news-from-real.

2 Timberg, Craig. “Russian Propaganda Effort Helped Spread ‘Fake News’ During Election, Experts Say.” The Washington Post, 24 Nov. 2016, https://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/russian-propaganda-effort-helped-spread-fake-news-during-election-experts-say/2016/11/24/793903b6-8a40-4ca9-b712-716af66098fe_story.html?utm_term=.70c2e0eb9ef3.

3 Shepherd, Marshall. “Some Viral Weather Forecasts are Fake News—Two Reasons They Must Be Stopped Now.” Forbes. 3 Jan. 2017, http://www.forbes.com/sites/marshallshepherd/2017/01/03/some-viral-weather-forecasts-are-fake-news-2-reasons-they-must-be-stopped-now/#79b0038e5197.

4”The Classroom Where Fake News Fails.” All Things Considered, NPR, 22 Dec. 2016, http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/12/22/505432340/the-classroom-where-fake-news-fails.

5Nicas, Jack. “Google to Bar Fake-News Websites from Using Its Ad-Selling Software.” The Wall Street Journal, 14 Nov. 2016, http://www.wsj.com/articles/google-to-bar-fake-news-websites-from-using-its-ad-selling-software-1479164646.

6Samuel, Alexandra. “To Fix Fake News, Look to Yellow Journalism.” JSTOR, 29 Nov. 2016, http://daily.jstor.org/to-fix-fake-news-look-to-yellow-journalism/.

7”Smart Girls Understand: How to Be a Savvy News Consumer.” Amy Pohler’s Smart Girls, 22 Nov. 2016, https://amysmartgirls.com/smart-girls-understand-how-to-be-a-savvy-news-consumer-e34e3c1e2d6a#.nu0b21818.

8Dox = Search for and publish private or identifying information about (a particular individual) on the internet, typically with malicious intent.

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Spotlight: Flower Mound’s Growing Graphic Novel Collection

img_2156In the August episode of the NCTC Libraries Podcast, Associate Dean of Libraries Shedrick Pittman-Hassett spoke about the Gainesville campus library’s new graphic novels, the nature of graphic novels, and plans for other campuses to start their own graphic novel collection. On the Flower Mound campus, we have already begun the process.

When it came to look at what graphic novels should constitute the first group of twenty books, we took two main approaches. First, what type of books might fit some of the curriculum here in Flower Mound. For that, we looked at some of the courses here, and found that horror was often used as a topic in English classes. That fits in well with graphic novels, as horror is a very popular genre for authors and artists. The second approach was to ask the students about graphic novels that they like to read. This was done by leaving a sign-up sheet out at the welcome back party and in the library for a few weeks. This list, with our course needs, and some general research on important graphic novels, led to the creation of a base list of graphic novels for the Flower Mound campus. As of December, this collection includes 28 individual books, including multiple volumes from four different series.

One thing that was obvious from the list made by students: people like Batman and author Alan Moore. In the world of graphic novels, Alan Moore has written some of the most popular books in the genre, including many that were adapted into films. Here in the Flower Mound library, we have several Moore titles, including V for Vendetta, Watchmen, Batman: the Killing Joke, and From Hell (a story about Jack the Ripper). Another important author in the world of comics and graphic novels is Frank Miller. Miller has written for both DC and Marvel, and one of his most important works is in the Flower Mound collection, 1986’s Batman: the Dark Knight Returns.

Our collection also includes several series, including six books from the Scott Pilgrim series; six books from Season 8 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer; two volumes of author Neil Gaiman’s Sandman series; and two volumes of the Fables series by Bill Willingham, another favorite of our students. We also have several works of literature and non-fiction including the full original texts of Dracula; Frankenstein; and The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, all in graphic novel form.  Non-fiction works include Max Brook’s take on The Harlem Hellfighters, and Understanding Comics: the Invisible Art. There is also the popular Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi.

Other works from the pop culture realm include Marvel’s Civil War, Inhumans, and Secret Wars; the sequel to Chuck Palahniuk’s novel and film Fight Club, titled Fight Club 2: the Tranquility Gambit; and the complete Maus series by Art Spiegelman.

While many titles may duplicated in the various campus libraries, patrons are encouraged to explore the different collections, as each campus is responsible for choosing their titles, and there may hidden gems somewhere you may not have looked.

In the meantime, come check out the Flower Mound collection!

Submitted by Dax Stokes, Librarian, Flower Mound Campus

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Cookbook Resources for Faculty, Staff, and Students

What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you think of November? Perhaps this year your answer may be Election Day, but then again perhaps it would be Veterans’ Day, Thanksgiving Day, or perhaps even that this is the month that we return to Standard Time and that, although you will need to remember to set your clocks back one hour, you are getting that hour back that you lost last spring.  Or maybe November makes you think of autumn leaves, cooler days, apples, cranberries, pears, sweet potatoes, squash, and pumpkins – and, yes, turkey or ham. Or perhaps you came up with an entirely different response, such as remembering a special occasion (a birthday or anniversary) or a deadline (such as finishing research papers, “a month until the fall semester is over,” or “a month to graduation”).

There is no one “right” answer. Your answer could be any or all of those or something entirely different. As for me, when I think of November, one of the first things that comes to my mind is Thanksgiving and being able to get together with friends and family. And not just the fellowship (and, yes, football), but the food!

And, of course, someone prepared that food, most likely using a recipe, whether from memory or from a book, which brings me to the topic for this month: cookbooks.

The libraries on each of the NCTC campuses are currently updating and adding to their collection of cookbooks. The remainder of this blog highlights some of the books from our cookbook collection.

1joy-of-cookingJoy of cooking by Irma von Starkloff Rombauer; Flower Mound Cookbook Collection; TX715 .R75 2006

The Flower Mound Campus Library has the 75th Anniversary edition, which is a revised and updated version of the previous revisions of the cookbook by a St. Louis widow named Irma Rombauer who took her life savings to self-publish the original book in 1931.  The book was a family affair as her daughter Marion Becker not only tested the recipes but made the illustrations for the book and they first sold copies from Irma Rombauer’s apartment. Ethan Becker, Marion’s son, continues the family business with this seventy-fifth anniversary edition which has brand-new recipes as well as some of the recipes from all previous eight editions, retested and modernized, as needed, to reflect how we cook today. Millions of people first learned how to cook using this classic cookbook. For those nostalgic for earlier times, this edition recalls the words of the original edition, whose beginning guidelines were “stand facing the stove.”

The everything healthy college cookbook by Nicole Cormier; Gainesville; TX715 .C6158 20102everything-healthy-college-cookbook

Written for college students, the book’s author asserts that her book “will help transform cooking from a chore into a creative, stress-free break from studying.” Her book includes “300 recipes for any occasion.” A registered dietitian, the author also includes tips on how to stay healthy. Although the book does not have any photos, it does provide step-by-step instructions for each of the recipes, a glossary of basic cooking terms, and nutritional information in an easy-to-understand format.

3the-healthy-college-cookbook-quick-cheap-easyThe healthy college cookbook: quick, cheap, easy by Alexandra Nimetz, Jason Stanley, and Emeline Starr (with Rachel Holcomb for the 2008 edition); copies in Cookbook Collection in Flower Mound, Gainesville, and EBSCO eBook Collection; TX715 .N683

The NCTC Libraries has three copies of this cookbook; two copies (Flower Mound and EBSCO eBook Collection) were published in 1999 and the third copy (Gainesville collection) was published in 2008.  All of the authors had been college students themselves and as they state in the introduction, “often had no idea of what to prepare for dinner and really didn’t have the time to whip up elaborate meals.” Therefore, they decided to write this cookbook to address the issue on “how to eat healthfully on a tight budget, with a busy schedule, and with little cooking experience.” In the revised 2008 edition, the authors, acknowledging that “things have changed a bit on college campuses since the original publication” have updated the original recipes when needed to “reflect the tastes and ideas of college students now.” One hundred new recipes have been added to the 2008 edition; these new recipes were “submitted from college student all over the country.” Scattered throughout the book, under the heading “Mom Says,” are short paragraphs of advice that your mother might have told you, such as how to steam any kind of fresh vegetable; these hints are really useful so you don’t have to stop and call your mother to ask about what to do next while cooking (but that still doesn’t excuse you from calling your mother; you just don’t have to use your valuable chat time with her asking about a recipe). You will also find additional useful information, such as how to eliminate odors from plastic food storage containers, the microwave, the refrigerator, or drains, under the “Kitchen Quick Tip” heading.

Meatless: More Than 200 of the Very Best Vegetarian Recipes written by staff of Martha 4meatless-more-than-200-of-the-very-best-vegetarian-recipesStewart Living; Corinth; TX837 .M473 2013

With easily-adjusted recipes, such as pizza with a variety of toppings or salads made from different whole grains, this cookbook covers basic recipes for a vegetable-based lifestyle. You’ll also find advice on supplying your pantry with vegetarian essentials such as dried beans, pasta, herbs and spices. The book is packed with color illustrations of the finished result of each recipe. The book is dedicated to “everyone who realizes that a balanced diet relying more heavily on vegetable than on animal can result in a longer and healthier life.”

5good-and-cheap-eat-well-on-4-dayGood and Cheap: Eat Well on $4/Day by Leanne Brown; Corinth; TX714 .B785 2015

The original version of this cookbook was posted online in a PDF format as a final project for the author’s master’s degree in food studies at New York University. Since the information was so popular, downloaded almost 100,000 times within the first few weeks (and downloaded almost 500,000 times within six months), Ms. Brown decided to self-publish the cookbook in a print book format; the 9,000 copies sold out within just a few months. The Corinth Campus Library’s copy is the second edition of the book. The author considers her book “a strategy guide, not a typical cookbook.” She goes on to say, “The ideas pages show just how much variety there is in simple things like oatmeal or popcorn. And the methods are meant to teach you a process that you can use over and over again.” Considering the recipes as a starting point she writes that her hope is “you’ll learn to cook without recipes and be empowered to cook for your own pleasure.” Designed “to fit the budgets of people living on SNAP, the US federal program that used to be called food stamps,” Although Ms. Brown wrote the book for those with limited financial resources, all readers of this book will be able to find useful information within the pages of this cookbook, such as tips on shopping for food items and the basic items for a well-stocked pantry.

Fix-It and Forget-It Big Cookbook: 1400 Best Slow Cooker Recipes by Phyllis Good; Bowie; 6fix-it-and-forget-it-big-cookbookTX827 .G6324 2008

If you have a slow cooker, also known as a crockpot, and you like the convenience that a slow cooker provides you this just may be the cookbook for which you’ve been searching. Although you do need to be aware that many of the recipes use pre-prepared ingredients (think canned soups rather than made from scratch), all of the recipes provide step-by-step instructions and most of the recipes require only a short preparation time. The author also gives the ideal Crock Pot size for each recipe. In the introduction to the book the author states that “all of these recipes come from home cooks. These are their favorite dishes, loved by families and households across the country.” The book includes “helpful tips” about which the author says, “Think of them as the voices of your favorite aunt or grandmother, standing at your elbow with their cooking wisdom.”

7better-homes-and-garden-new-cook-bookBetter Homes and Gardens New Cook Book; Copies in Gainesville (2010 15th ed.) and Bowie (2014 16th ed.); TX714 .B4735

If you need a basic cookbook, this is it! According to a reviewer in The Midwest Book Review: “Now in a newly updated and expanded sixteenth edition, the “Better Homes and Gardens New Cook Book” continues to be one of the best “starter cookbooks” for personal and family cookbook collections. Every recipe, ranging from all-time favorites to modern classics, has been reviewed, revised, and revamped for today’s kitchen. Included is a new Holiday chapter, increased coverage of canning and grilling, and expanded information on fruits and vegetables. The ‘Secrets to Success’ feature focuses on teaching techniques, such as making artisanal bread, while the ‘8 Ways With’ feature shows how to add flavor to basic items like boneless chicken breasts. With a redesigned cover to give the book a fresh, new look, over 1,200 recipes and more than 1,000 photographs, this comprehensive edition of “Better Homes and Gardens New Cook Book” is the one reference every home cook needs…”

This is a small sampling of the cookbooks that we have available either within the print collections of the NCTC Libraries or in an electronic format through the EBSCO eBook Collection. Although the Bowie Campus Library has a very limited cookbook collection, cookbooks, including the last two cookbooks mentioned in this post, are being purchased for its collection and should be received and made available in the near future.

If you are a part of the North Central Texas College community, regardless of which campus you use or even if you are an online student only, you may request cookbooks from any of the campus libraries and have it sent to the campus you use or the one closest to you. And don’t forget that there are cookbooks which can be viewed online through the EBSCO eBook Collection database, whether it just is not convenient for you to go to one of the campus libraries or you want immediate online access.  We welcome you to visit any of our campus library locations, to call us, or to email for more information. Bon Appétit!

–Contributed by Diane Roether, Dean of Libraries, NCTC

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Podcast: Scary Books

Ever wonder what scares the faculty and staff at the Flower Mound campus? Listen to this month’s NCTC Libraries podcast to hear from Jessica DeRoche, Sara Kluth, Desire DeMange, Erica Thompson, and Dax Stokes, as they describe their favorite scary books for Halloween.

Submitted by Dax Stokes, Librarian, Flower Mound Campus

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